If you see, nowadays most of the NOSQL database like Microsoft Azure Document DB, MONGODB, etc. are also using JSON ecosystem and some of them are based on JSON.
As it is such a popular growing system. So, why not in SQL SERVER?
In SQL SERVER 2016, JSON was introduced. This we can say is a step or bridge between NON-relational database and relational database by Microsoft SQL SERVER.
SQL Server 2016 provides the following capabilities when you are using JSON:
- Parse JSON by relation query
- Insert & update JSON using query
- Store JSON in database
If you see it, then conceptually, it is similar to XML data type which you might use in SQL SERVER.
The good thing in SQL SERVER 2016 for JSON there is no Native data type. This will help in migration from any NOSQL to SQL SERVER.
SQL Server provides bidirectional JSON formatting which you can utilize in various ways. Suppose data is coming from the external source in the JSON format, then you can parse it and store in table structure (if required) in another case external source requires data in JSON format while data in SQL SERVER in tabular format so both the purposes can easily be solved with SQL SERVER’s JSON feature.
Now, let’s jump directly to the practical to check JSON capabilities in SQL SERVER.
1) FOR JSON AUTO
It is similar to FOR XML AUTO. It will return JSON object of selected column where column name is treated as a Key or in other words, we can say it will format the query result in JSON.
When you run the above command, the result will be as shown in the below figure:
2) FOR JSON PATH
It’s exactly like JSON auto – the only difference is instead of SQL SERVER, we have full control over the format. JSON Auto takes predefined column schema while with JSON path, we can create a complex object.
For example, we are using
AdventureWorks Sales order table and joining that with
product table to get sub-node. If you see in below image, we have added
Root node as well. This root
Node can be added in JSON auto as well if required.
Now, when you run the above query, we can get complex JSON object as follows:
3) IsJSON Function
By the name, it is clear that this is a validating function.
To cross check whether the provided
string is a valid JSON or not, we can run
By the name, it is clear that if you want to get the value of the particular key of JSON, then you can use this beautiful function which is
5) OPENJSON Function
This is a very beautiful function which you can use to parse external schema. Suppose, you got a JSON string from a mobile service which you will directly pass to SQL Sever and SQL SERVER stored procedure will do the rest of the operation to parse it. The parsing and other operation can be easily handled by
OPENJSON. The only tweak here is that it required database compatibility level 130 which you need to do (if not compatible with level 130).
There are many other interesting things which we will cover later.
Please provide your inputs.